The geology of the iberian peninsula consists of the study of the rock formations on the iberian peninsula which includes spain portugal andorra and gibraltar the peninsula contains rocks from every geological period from the ediacaran to the quaternary and many types of rock are represented world class mineral deposits are also found there. Spain information spain is located in southwestern europe spain is bordered by the bay of biscay the balearic sea and the mediterranean sea portugal to the west and france and andorra to the north morocco is to the south across the strait of gibraltar. Almost the entire morphology of mainland spain was formed in the tertiary era the pyrenees the andalusian cantabrian iberian and sierra morena mountain ranges as well as the sedimentary basins of the ebro and the guadalquivir rivers were formed. The geology of spain wes gibbons teresa moreno ph d geological society of london limited preview 2002 common terms and phrases abundant alluvial ammonites assemblages basalts basement basin beds belt betic cordillera biozone black shales boundary brachiopods breccias calcareous cambrian cantabrian zone carbonate carboniferous . Spain contains some of the best exposed outcrop geology in europe wikipedia has this excellent introduction to the geology of the iberian peninsula the iberian peninsula contains rocks from every age from ediacaran to recent and almost every kind of rock is represented
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